What is Jute?

Jute is a renewable natural fiber, is also bio- degradable and environmentally friendly, it is one of the few crops, which can be grown in the monsoon season, and can be rotated with rice to restore the soil fertility and structure. It is Known mainly as the raw material for making sacks, jute finds extensive use in the making of handicrafts today. The leaves of jute plants enrich the fertility of the soil for sustained agriculture, and have good nutrition value as vegetables. Use of jute sticks as fuel and fencing material as substitute for wood prevents deforestation. Therefore, the increased global concern for the environment, the future prospects for jute remains high. The jute plant is an annual plant that thrives best in moist soil in a hot, humid climate. Seeds are hand-sown, and plants mature in three months, often averaging a height of 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 meters). Their light green leaves are arrow-shaped, and small yellow flowers bloom singly or in clusters. Jute is classified scientifically in the genus Corchorus.


Important Features of Jute Fiber:

  • Jute fiber is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly.

  • It is a natural fiber with golden and silky shine and hence called The Golden Fiber.

  • It is the cheapest vegetable fiber procured from the bast or skin of the plant’s stem.

  • It is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton, in terms of usage, global consumption, production, and availability.

  • It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breathability of fabrics. Therefore, jute is very suitable in agricultural commodity bulk packaging.

  • It helps to make best quality industrial yarn, fabric, net, and sacks. It is one of the most versatile natural fibers that has been used in raw materials for packaging, textiles, non-textile, construction, and agricultural sectors.Bulking of yarn results in a reduced breaking tenacity and an increased breaking extensibility when blended as a ternary blend.

  • The best source of jute in the world is the Bengal Delta Plain in the Ganges Delta, most of which is occupied by Bangladesh

  • Advantages of jute include good insulating and antistatic properties, as well as having low thermal conductivity and a moderate moisture regain. Other advantages of jute include acoustic insulating properties and manufacture with no skin irritations.
  • Advantages of Jute Fiber:

  • Jute has great antistatic properties; so that any kind of static charges are not produced during Jute Product making or using.

  • Jute is a insulating fiber and this is why it can be used to make cloth which would be used in electrical works.

  • Temperature is passed in this fiber slowly because of the low thermal conductivity.

  • Moisture Regain properties is good enough (about 13.75%).

  • Produce no irritation in skin.

  • 100% Biodegradable; so it is environment friendly fiber like Cotton.
  • Cheap in market.

  • Available in the market and the overall productivity of Jute Fiber is good.
  • Tensile strength is high.

  • Jute Fabric is highly breathable and comfortable to use.

  • Can be widely used in Agriculture Sector, Textile Sector, Woven Sector and Nonwoven Sector.

  • Disadvantages of Jute Fiber Usage:

  • The crease resistance of Jute is very low.

  • Drape Property is not good enough.

  • Create Shade effect and becomes yellowish if sunlight is used.

  • If Jute is wetted it lose it’s strength.

  • Properties Of Jute:


    White jute (Corchorus Capsularis):

    Several historical documents (including, Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal in 1590) state that the poor villagers of India used to wear clothes made of jute. Simple handlooms and hand spinning wheels were used by the weavers, who used to spin cotton yarns as well. History also states that Indians, especially Bengalis, used ropes and twines made of white jute from ancient times for household and other uses.

    Properties:

  • Leaves taste bitter.

  • The leaves are green in color.

  • Flowers are yellow in color.

  • Bark of the stem is brown.

  • Speed pods are short and circular.

  • The jute plant of this type annual and grows from ends.

  • It is about 6 – 12 inch long & ½ to ¾ inch in diameter.

  • Tossa jute (Corchorus Olitorius):

    Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) is an Afro-Arabian variety. It is quite popular for its leaves that are used as an ingredient in a mucilaginous potherb called molokhiya, popular in certain Arab countries. The Book of Job in the Hebrew Bible mentions this vegetable potherb as Jew’s mallow.Tossa jute fibre is softer, silkier, and stronger than white jute. This variety astonishingly showed good sustainability in the climate of the Ganges Delta. Along with white jute, tossa jute has also been cultivated in the soil of Bengal where it is known as paat from the start of the 19th century. Currently, the Bengal region (West Bengal, India, and Bangladesh) is the largest global producer of the tossa jute variety.

    Properties:

  • The jute plant of this variety is annual and collected from seeds.It is similar to capsularis variety.

  • The leaves are lovely green in color.

  • Leaves taste not so bitter.

  • Dark yellow flower.

  • Two to three feet high.

  • Speed pods are long and circular in shape & quarter inch in diameter